Imagine you are a news editor. You have been asked to respond to an online discussion thread regarding how information media has affected American culture. Answer each of the following questions in 100 to 150 words: • Does the information media have social responsibility? If yes, in what ways? If not, why not? • What is the role of the information and news media in the shaping of political opinions? • How have electronic media and their convergence transformed journalism and news consumption • How are standards in journalism still relevant and important in today’s media, opinion, and media-saturated world • What role does satire have in the news today? How have programs and websites such as The Daily Show, The Colbert Report, and The Onion provided a separate space for commentary on the news and news providers? ***** Illustrate your responses with specific examples. APA FORMAT.
Final Comprehensive Exam
PHIL 101-02: INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY (FALL 2019)
FINAL COMPREHENSIVE EXAM
1. Please provide short responses (5-6 sentences max.) to the questions set out in Part A and
Part B (400 words max.) below in light of the relevant readings or class presentations. Your
answer sheet must state each question in verbatim, in addition to your response to it.
2. Please do not locate and/or copy your answers from the web. Kindly limit the scope of
your reference to your readings and/or class presentations.
3. Every question in Part A is worth 10 marks; the question in Part 5 is worth 50 marks
(max). If your response to a question in Part A does not capture the essence of the question,
it will get no mark.
3. You must submit your exam in the form of a PDF file through the Turnitin link on your
4. Assignment deadline: Friday, December 20, 2019 by 11:55 pm. Late assignments will get
A. SHORT-RESPONSE QUESTIONS (10 marks each):
1. According to Plato’s The Allegory of the Cave, how does a person attain the state of “being”? Refer
the relevant class presentation.
2. In The Apology, how does Socrates refute the charge of sophism in particular? Refer to the relevant
3. Briefly summarize, in your own words, St. Anslem’s ontological proof for the existence of God.
You may refer to the relevant reading or the relevant class presentation.
4. What is the nature of a teleological argument? For your response, you may rely on the class
presentation on Paley’s Teleological Argument.
5. Briefly summarize, in your own words, Epicurus’ traditional Problem of Evil? You may refer to
the relevant class presentation.
6. Give an example of a statement that we can know a priori? You may refer to the relevant class
7. Give an example of a statement which we can know a posteriori? You may refer to the relevant
8. class presentation “All squares are squares” – is that an analytic statement or a synthetic statement? Why? You may
refer to the relevant class presentation.
9. “The sun will rise tomorrow” – is that an analytic or a synthetic statement? Why? You may refer
to the relevant class presentation.
10. What makes Bentham’s Utilitarianism a consequentialist moral theory? You may refer to the
relevant class presentation.
11. For Kant, when does a moral agent act autonomously? You may refer to the relevant class
12. What makes Kant’s moral philosophy a deontological one? You may refer to the relevant class
13. For Aristotle, what is the ultimate good/end/purpose/goal of human beings? You may refer to
the relevant class presentation.
14. What does Aristotle mean by the claim that virtue is a mean between extremes? You may refer to
the relevant class presentation.
15. What makes life in a state of nature “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short” (Hobbes 392)? You may
refer to the relevant class presentation.
PART B. SELF-REFLECTION (50 marks max.):
How has this course personally impacted you?
Selection of a Multinational Organization: Samsung
Samsung is a South Korean company that is the top producer of televisions and mobile phones by volume. Samsung operates in the technology industry, correctly, in communications and personal electronic devices. The corporation is an innovator in its own right, with its Galaxy brand phones, offering an android OS-based smartphone in direct competition with the conglomerate, Apple Inc. Using the Samsung corporation as a model for product development and commercialization, this paper will discuss the importance of the corporation’s values and progress it has made in the industry, also, the importance of utilizing innovation for smart devices in personal consumer electronics.
The Mission Statement
In its mission statement, Samsung asserts that human resources and technology are the two principal assets that the company uses to pursue the purpose and strategic objectives in its global industries (Martin, 2019). Compared to Samsung’s competitors, Apple and Huawei, Samsung is reportedly more moral in its focus on legal and ethical business practices. Because of the inclusion of human resources as part of its corporate mission, Samsung places a strong emphasis on the diversified culture of the organization (Song, Lee, & Khanna, 2016). In similarity to other technology companies, Samsung’s corporate structure is dedicated to the reinforcement of dynamic technological innovation and functional potency for global improvement.
Like many other Global producers of electronics, Samsung operates with an emphasis on vertical integration (Tung, 2018) and heavily relies on the innovation of products. While Samsung is present in numerous markets, the two primary categories are personal communication devices and personal electronics. To retain its title as an industry leader in its respective Global Market Samsung focuses primarily on research and development. Between the use of vertical integration as a method to ensure middle-man sellers do not impact costs and development, as well a heavy focus on market research, Samsung can offer products at a mid-range price point to consumers with a fair amount of confidence in its product market success.
Samsung was not the first player in the smartphone game; however, it did release the first PDA phone utilizing the Palm Operating system in 2001. The PDA phone is considered the first smartphone ever introduced to the U.S. market. Innovative motions like this express Samsung’s dedication to bringing new and creative tools to the personal electronic and business market.
Using Samsung’s business structure to research and develop a new product into the personal electronics market will be seamless. Following Samsung’s mission statement, human resources and ethical production and development of technology will be a smooth process. Utilizing lead users and relying heavily on research and development as Samsung already does, a team effort utilizing the scrum method (Kim et al. 2016) will unfold throughout the upcoming product development lifecycle.
Divya, K., & Kumar, V. K. (2016). Comparative analysis of smart phone operating systems android, apple ios and windows. International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Applied Science (IJSEAS), 2(2), 432-439.
Martin, V. (2019). Panmore Institute. Retrieved 30 November 2019, from http://panmore.com/samsung-corporate-vision-statement-corporate-mission-statement-analysis
Kim, S., Lee, H., Kwon, Y., Yu, M., & Jo, H. (2016). Our journey to becoming agile: experiences with agile transformation in Samsung electronics. In 2016 23rd Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference (APSEC) (pp. 377-380). IEEE.
Song, J., Lee, K., & Khanna, T. (2016). Dynamic capabilities at Samsung: Optimizing internal co-opetition. California Management Review, 58(4), 118-140.
Tung, C. M. (2018). Vertical integration for smart manufacturing-The dy-namic capability perspective.
The Business Case and Its Components for a Hypothetical Product
The world has made immense advancements in technology, leading to the creation of products that mitigate daily functional monotony for users. Technology users have realized that it makes them feel safer, improve communication, and hand significant tasks that are difficult and time-consuming when handled manually. The use of technologically advanced products is capable of creating efficient means of handling basic tasks that are essential to human survival. The paper will address the development of Smart assistants that are programmable and are equipped with voice recognition software. We are naming this product “Gode,” until preliminary marketing research suggesting otherwise.
Product Description and Features
Gode (pronounced “Go-Day), implying its’ purpose of the use is to benefit consumers who are busy with day-to-day tasks in the traditional sense. Gode is a smart assistant device that will consist of speakers combined with a touch screen for input. Gode is a smart home assistant like Amazon’s Echo or Google’s Home hub. What differentiates Gode is state-of-the-art dictation technology. The dictation software and other additional features are revolutionary advancements in the smart assistant category. Gode offers features such as playing music, online look-up assistant, event reminders, and, a slew efficiency-boosting technological capabilities. These assistants are designed in such a way that they are dictation enabled, allowing users the ability to dictate a shopping list to it and order from different app-based websites. Gode can sync with and enable multi-functional control of consumers’ home devices, function as an alarm, and operate as a weather indicator based on real-time weather updates. Smart home assistants have also been shown to aid kids in pronunciation of difficult words, and the assistant is capable of being programmed in a way that can also help to soothe a baby through the use of music, sounds, and ambient light. (Baeza & Kumar, 2019).
The Gode smart assistant is revolutionary in that the hub is battery enabled, making Gode carriable and maneuverable dynamically throughout the house for users. The Gode smart assistant is programmed to connect wirelessly to several smart devices through the use of Bluetooth and WiFi. Because of the reported difficulty verifying connectivity status, most current smart home devices have. Gode is programmed with a visual connectivity tab in the top right corner of the screen when devices are connected to it. (Beirl, Yuill & Rogers, 2019).
Gode’s speakers have a link to Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, which allows the user to use voice recognition technology to understand what is spoken to it and respond accordingly. Gode offers a more conventional yet innovative feature for consumers. Gode has an optional case that provides consumers with the option of magnetically sticking the hub to a fridge or other optional metal bases. The ability to dictate talk-to-text to Gode helps consumers add things on a shopping list, by displaying the list as the user verbally dictates to the assistant (Lee, Zappaterra, Choi & Choi, 2014).
The Product’s Target Price
According to Hometechhacker.com (2019), the latest smart assistant products that offer similar features as described above are priced in a range between $40- $150 (e.g., Google Mini, Amazon Echo Dot, Google Home). We are working towards viably supplying the Gode assistant at two price points, given the statistical information. The Gode voice-only assistant who will provide nearly all of the features as the full-service smart assistant with a touchscreen will be tested at a cost for the consumer in the range of $40-$60. The full-service model of Gode with visible dictation software will be tested at the price points of $100-150, respectively. Because consumers who adopt the use of smart assistants are proving to be higher-income households, there is a higher marginal chance that the homeowners will have children in the household (Braun & Alt, 2019). As per a report by Molla (2018), only one out of two users engage in the voice technology currently available in their smart assistant. Molla (2018) suggests that by 2021, the projected number of users who utilize a voice-enabled smart assistant feature is projected to increase by twenty-to-thirty percent. The growth in users suggests that voice-enabled controls might replace the more traditional manual swiping and typing (Rahul & Akshay, 2018). The projected target price(s) are based on ensuring that the affordability of the product is undisputed.
Characteristics of Product Users
Statistics provided by a study from Rahul & Akshay (2018) discovered that smart device owners are mostly the Wi-Fi households, and they have wider adoption than wearable devices. In terms of active market penetration, the leading products are smartphones, computers, and tablets in many households.
The users also seem to be brand-loyal when it comes to their voice assistant purchases. During a market study, we discovered that owners rarely use them for business purposes (Dawar & Bendle, 2018). We found that many consumers used voice assistants for traditional household purposes, such as making purchases online without the necessity of using the traditional manual ordering approach. (Sivaraman, Gharakheili, Vishwanath, Boreli, & Mehani, 2015).
According to an analysis by Dewar & Bendle (2018), the market for smart assistants is made up primarily of individuals who are engaged in careers that require large volumes of work hours and have tight schedules in their work; hence buying Gode will help them in several household activities such as planning recipes, monitoring the house through its third party security app features, scheduling, relaxing, making shopping orders and, reminding them about planned events.
Size of the Total Market
The global smart speaker was valued at 4,358 million dollars in 2017; the increase in demand for smart speakers is one of the factors that is leading to its growth in the market. The market rate is high in the United States (36.9%) (Rahul & Akshay, 2018). The growing need products like Gode in our homes are increasingly making consumers households digitally connected; as a result, the rising sales will lead to an increase of the market size of almost 24% over the next three years (Mallat, Tuunainen, & Wittkowski, 2017).
Already more than 200 million households have at least one smart device, and therefore, the market expected to buy products like Gode is equal due to its advantages. Strategy Analytics expects a total of 6.4 billion smart home users globally by the end of 2023 (Segan & Greenwald, 2019).
The market size growth is influenced by the level of awareness that will be created. We will work with our marketing team to identify potential advertising avenues. We expect to use marketing tools such as social media marketing, mainstream media, and endorsements to expose customers to the benefits and features of the Gode smart assistant (Olson & Levy, 2018).
Projected Product Sales revenues in Year 1 of the product sales
The voice recognition technology and fast connectivity will increase current revenue streams. Smart assistant and speaker sales are projected to increase by 44% (Priporas, Stylos, & Fotiadis, 2017). Strategy analytics further estimates 11% compound annual growth in the smart home market, which means it could reach $157 billion in annual revenue by 2023 (Rahul & Akshay, 2018). The report does not clearly define electrical devices but includes voice and video assistants that can turn into control connected internet. These sales are driven by increased awareness and therefore making them more accessible (Statista, 2019)
Smart hub’s growth rates are because of keen consumer interest combined with competition among their competitors. The revenue rate is projected to grow at a compound annual rate of 23.7% (Rahul & Akshay, 2018), which will lead to a rise of 16 billion dollars in annual revenue (Perez, 2019). The expectations are high that significant growth in the market size is likely to be experienced as the product will be marketed globally. The success of the product and the growth in sales will be subject to persons that will be contracted to endorse the product.
The creation of a new product is a complex process that requires determination and thorough research. Gode is a product that will be a product that will utilize the current technology to make a smart assistant that can be fitted with a screen for input. The gadget will be multi-purpose and capable of offering various solutions such as giving instructions. Consumers will experience the ease of use through voice-command use and the touchscreen. The reception of the product is expected to be good, given the current trend whereby consumers are increasingly interested in the market of smart assistants’ ability to mitigate day-to-day chores that have been a burden until now. The market share and the revenues are likely to exponentially increase due to the usability of the product as well as a fair price.
Baeza, R. R., & Kumar, A. R. (2019, November). Perceived Usefulness of Multimodal Voice Assistant Technology. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting (Vol. 63, No. 1, pp. 1560-1564). Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications.
Beirl, D., Yuill, N., & Rogers, Y. (2019). Using voice assistant skills in family life.
Braun, M., & Alt, F. (2019). Affective Assistants: A Matter of States and Traits. In Extended Abstracts of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (p. LBW2321). ACM.
Dawar, N., & Bendle, N. (2018). Marketing in the age of Alexa. Harvard Business Review, 96(3), 80-86.
HomeTechHacker. (2019). HomeTechHacker. Retrieved 8 December 2019, from https://hometechhacker.com/smarthome-cost/
Lee, C., Zappaterra, L., Choi, K., & Choi, H. A. (2014, October). Securing smart home: Technologies, security challenges, and security requirements. In 2014 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (pp. 67-72). IEEE.
Mallat, N., Tuunainen, V., & Wittkowski, K. (2017). Voice Activated Personal Assistants–Consumer Use Contexts and Usage Behavior.
Molla, R. (2018). Vox. Retrieved 8 December 2019, from https://www.vox.com/2018/11/12/17765390/voice-alexa-siri-assistant-amazon-echo-google-assistant
Olson, C., & Levy, J. (2018). Transforming marketing with artificial intelligence. Applied Marketing Analytics, 3(4), 291-297.
Priporas, C. V., Stylos, N., & Fotiadis, A. K. (2017). Generation Z consumers’ expectations of interactions in smart retailing: A future agenda. Computers in Human Behavior, 77, 374-381.
Perez, S. (2019). TechCrunch. Retrieved 5 December 2019, from https://techcrunch.com/2019/02/12/report-voice-assistants-in-use-to-triple-to-8-billion-by-2023/
Rahul, K., & Akshay, R. (2018). Smart Speaker Market Size, Share and Growth | Industry Forecast – 2025. https://www.alliedmarketresearch.com/smart-speaker-market.
Segan, S. & Greenwald, W. ( 2019). PCMAG. Retrieved 5 December 2019, from https://www.pcmag.com/article/357520/the-best-smart-speakers
Sivaraman, V., Gharakheili, H. H., Vishwanath, A., Boreli, R., & Mehani, O. (2015). Network-level security and privacy control for smart-home IoT devices. In 2015 IEEE 11th International conference on wireless and mobile computing, networking, and communications (WiMob) (pp. 163-167). IEEE.
Statista. (2019). Statista. Retrieved 5 December 2019, from https://www.statista.com/statistics/789633/worldwide-digital-assistant-market-share/
2. Analyze three (3) signs in the segment (you can use the entire segment, not just the minute you transcribed). Discuss the meanings of the signs and indicate the type of each sign and its modality. Use as diverse types of signs for this answer as possible. Name (correctly) the different types and the different modalities for each sign you discuss. (6%). Do NOT explain what a sign is, what a specific type of sign is, or what a modality of a sign is or you lose up to 2%. Giving a wrong explanation to what a sign is or what a specific type of sign is will cause you to lose up to 10%. UNDERLINE and CAPITALIZE the signs you discuss, underline their type, and their modality. Not underlining these elements may cause you to lose points. No more than a page. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ysxTvrXLvZY
ENGLISH 103, 13, 1D Final: (Notes are Permitted) (PRINT OUT THIS EXAM and Hand Write Answers in Complete Sentences or edit in Word and turn in on Canvas) Please read all parts carefully. Due: See Canvas for specifics
- In a short answer describe how the following example of a thesis statement is both vague and ambiguous (and do not use the same example for vagueness and ambiguity): Teachers should consider having policies that incentivize learning because they need achievable goals to be successful.
- I am the leader of a small band of mercenaries during a world war crisis in the year 2020. And though we are not weak, we are altogether too few to fight our enemy head on. We are also too many to effectively infiltrate. I therefore decide that only three highly skilled soldiers will partake in our most-vital mission. Iknow with certainty that I want to deploy Fearless Prabhjyot (my explosives expert) and combat-eagerAvnoor (my superior athlete and tough guy). However, I cannot decide who will head this operation. Dino is my most skilled soldier (in weapons, tactics, and hand-to-hand combat) and his positive attitude consistently reinforces the morale of everyone around him, yet he has very little actual combat experience. Staceyis perhaps the band’s most experienced and brilliant soldier (having already deployed on many successful campaigns) and she strengthens the work ethic of all her comrades, yet she is an average marksman and reluctant to engage in close-combat.
Who should be picked to lead the mission? On the lines below provide the following (to justify which soldier should be deployed as the leader):
Claim of policy:_____________________________________________________
- Who should not be picked to lead the mission? On the lines below provide the following (to justify which soldier should not be deployed as the leader):
Claim of policy:_____________________________________________________
- If Marenna is to think of the term“Native American” as a dysphemism, what neutral term might she use in its place? Explain your answer:
- Blancasometimes gets really upset with the mischievousness of her cats, yet she uses aeuphemistic tone to describe their behavior. For example, she might say, “that’s enough pawing the curtains, naughty girl.” Providing a sentence example below, reword Blanca’s quote by using a strong dysphemistic tone. Also,breifly explain how a euphemistic tone can affect an audience’s point of view:
- Summarize thepathos (emotional appeal) of the flash fiction short story “” (below) and be sure to include the author, title, and the author’s rhetorical position(main idea) in the opening sentence.
by George Saunders
Every year Thanksgiving night we flocked out behind Dad as he dragged the Santa suit to the road and draped it over a kind of crucifix he’d built out of metal pole in the yard. Super Bowl week the pole was dressed in a jersey and Rod’s helmet and Rod had to clear it with Dad if he wanted to take the helmet off. On the Fourth of July the pole was Uncle Sam, on Veteran’s Day a soldier, on Halloween a ghost. The pole was Dad’s only concession to glee. We were allowed a single Crayola from the box at a time. One Christmas Eve he shrieked at Kimmie for wasting an apple slice. He hovered over us as we poured ketchup saying: good enough good enough good enough. Birthday parties consisted of cupcakes, no ice cream. The first time I brought a date over she said: what’s with your dad and that pole? and I sat there blinking.
We left home, married, had children of our own, found the seeds of meanness blooming also within us. Dad began dressing the pole with more complexity and less discernible logic. He draped some kind of fur over it on Groundhog Day and lugged out a floodlight to ensure a shadow. When an earthquake struck Chile he lay the pole on its side and spray painted a rift in the earth. Mom died and he dressed the pole as Death and hung from the crossbar photos of Mom as a baby. We’d stop by and find odd talismans from his youth arranged around the base: army medals, theater tickets, old sweatshirts, tubes of Mom’s makeup. One autumn he painted the pole bright yellow. He covered it with cotton swabs that winter for warmth and provided offspring by hammering in six crossed sticks around the yard. He ran lengths of string between the pole and the sticks, and taped to the string letters of apology, admissions of error, pleas for understanding, all written in a frantic hand on index cards. He painted a sign saying LOVE and hung it from the pole and another that said FORGIVE? and then he died in the hall with the radio on and we sold the house to a young couple who yanked out the pole and the sticks and left them by the road on garbage day.
- Briefly respond to the flash fiction short story “” by arguing how the meaning would change if the end detail about new owners throwing out the pole were instead that they left it up.
8) Congratulations! You just transferred to CSU Stanislaus. However, you also found out you need to complete the WPST requirement before beginning your Junior year. The WPST is an on demand, ninety minute writing proficiency screening test. The prompt for the test asks you to explain a couple of habits that help make students successful. On the lines below, describe how you would establish ethos in such an essay.
9)True/False: “Truth is mostly subjective” (there’s not really a right/wrong answer):_____________ Briefly explain (please remember the terms and claims learned in this course):
PHI 104 2019 Hume Name____________________ Total absences ___
A. True or False: answer T or F in the left column:
1. Hume’s moral philosophy is a theoretical model agreeing with the theological teachings of his Calvinist youth.
2. He set out to show that human morals are grounded in innate sensibility (moral sentiment) and not in any deduction from a theological or an a priori rational principle.
3. He argued that justice based on an egalitarian principle of “the community of goods” would be the best form of a “commonwealth.”
4. He threw his support to the theory of the “levelers” who advocated an equal distribution of property in society.
5. Hume departed from Locke in arguing that private property cannot be justified by a principle of public utility.
6. Hume held that the more virtuous deserve more of the perquisites of society.
7. He held that the more productive, not the more virtuous, deserve more of the perquisites of society.
8. He held that such concepts as the personal enjoyment of the fruits of personal industry, of the rights of inheritance by one’s children, of commerce and exchange and of other contractual relations (e.g., marriage contracts), are all ultimately returnable to a principle of egotism or self-interest.
9. He held that the long and helpless infancy of kids, which requires the combination of two parents for the subsistence and education of their young, is an example of public utility.
10. He argued that fidelity in the marriage bed is returnable to the same principle.
11. He held that this requirement of fidelity in marriage applies equally, that is, undifferentiatedly, to both men and women.
12. He argued that women past the child-bearing age outgrow, and ought to be exempted from, the infidelity restriction.
13. Hume saw no reason for the public prohibition of incest.
14. He argued that activities of recreational groups (“societies for play”) are exceptions to his principle of social utility.
15. He held that religious “enthusiasm and zealotry” were virtues and sources of moral education.
16. His concept of “quick sensibility” refers to the outbreak of violent passions.
17. He contended that “reason is, and ought to be, the slave of the passions.”
18. He held that “benevolence” and the other “softer” virtues are “at least partially” signs of a moral instinct concerning the good of the human species.
19. He held that public utility is “the sole origin” of our concept of differential property rights.
20. He argued that an egalitarian “commonwealth” is a viable concept.
21. He held that the concepts of personal merit or depravity are social constructions, not based in human nature.
22. He held that gender differences are social constructions, not based in human nature.
23. He argued that humanity’s happiness is a moral principle universally approved by impartial observers.
24. He contended that moral beauty bears a near resemblance to natural beauty.
25. He argued that some actions taken against self-interest—such as parents’ sacrifice for their children—cannot always be explained by self-love.
26. He classified cheerfulness of mind, magnanimity or greatness of mind, courage, restrained pride, tranquility, serenity of soul, poetic talent, and delicacy of taste under a general principle of public utility.
27. He classified politeness, wit and ingenuity, flowing affability, modesty, decency, cleanliness, graceful manners, as qualities agreeable to one’s self.
28. He regarded privacy of conversations and of letters, etc. as an example of justice in a civil society,
29. He classified justice, fidelity, honor, veracity, allegiance, chastity, benevolence, humanity, lenity, generosity, gratitude, moderation, tenderness, friendship as qualities useful to others.
30. In “A Dialogue” the country of Fourli turns out to none other than England itself.
31. “The whimsical nation” turns out to be Athens.
32. Gulki was the Roman patroness of matrons (good wives and mothers).
Compare and contrast the Trait, Skills and Style approach. In addition to the assigned readings this week, conduct independent research for this topic. Locate an article, PPT, or web site that supports your position for Discussion Topic #1. After you reference it in your post, place the article or PPT into the Doc Sharing area to facilitate future student use
Are leaders or incident commanders required to choose one style for maximum goal attainment? Defend your position.
Consider an ethical dilemma in your classroom, school, or alternative educational environment that relates to cultural diversity, social media, or students with disabilities. Interview an administrator or director most familiar with the scenario to help understand the full details of the event. Be aware of personal or personnel issues, and fully respect confidentiality in your setting. Provide a detailed 700- to 1,050-word description of the scenario that includes the following details: What key elements created this dilemma? Was there an opportunity to avoid this dilemma? Were there violations of policies or norms in this event? What ethics theories seem to most apply here? Describe the resolution–or lack thereof. What might be different next time? What was learned? Who learned? Research at least three sources to support your work. Prepare to share your findings with the class as a facilitated discussion. Create a handout or visual to distribute. Format your paper according to APA guidelines.