Case study on Cholelithiasis

Cholelithiasis (Gallstones) is the presence of stones in the gallbladder. Incidence of gallbladder disease increases with age. Highest incidence is in the fifth and sixth decades. Predisposing factors for gallstones are female sex, pregnancy, age>40 yr, family history of gallstones, obesity, ileal disease, oral contraceptives, diabetes mellitus, rapid weight loss, estrogen replacement therapy. Patients with gallstones have a 20% chance of developing biliary colic or its complications at the end of a 20-yr period.

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